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G8MNY  > TECH     03.05.22 07:27z 67 Lines 2592 Bytes #16 (0) @ WW
BID : 1299_GB7CIP
Subj: Wiring & Form Tapping out
Path: SP7YDD<SR1BSZ<IW0QNL<ON0AR<GB7CIP
Sent: 220503/0726Z @:GB7CIP.#32.GBR.EURO #:1299 [Caterham Surrey GBR] $:1299_GB
From: G8MNY@GB7CIP.#32.GBR.EURO
To  : TECH@WW

By G8MNY                                     (New Aug 07)
(8 Bit ASCII graphics use code page 437 or 850, Terminal Font)

Here is some basic methods of tapping out/fault finding wires in large
multicore cables or forms (car looms?).

DC BUZZER
If full DC access is easily available then a simple DC buzzer test will do OK.

                      Large cable
       Selected wire ­­­­­­­­­­­­­   Buzzer│
                ┌────­­­­­­­­­­­­­<───[]───┤Ů─┐batt
                │    ­­­­­­­­­­­­­         │  │
                │                             │
     Return path└─────────────────────────────┘
    via earth/sheath/spare wire.

For in between connectors a Pin can be inserted into single wires to make
connection to confirm the identity or prove the fault, but doing so will damage
the insulation!

UNBALANCED AC TESTING
When no access to the wire is possible then AC testing can be done with a large
AF signal & sensitive AF Amp & headphones as the phone engineers use..

                      Large Cable
       Selected wire ­­­­­­­­­­­­­ Probe    Amp
               o─────­­­­­­­­­­­­­└=========┤>────o Detecting
Series Headphone)    ­­­­­­­­­­­­­  Screen │ │     )Headphone
               o                     Lead  │ │    o 
 1kHz osc ─────┘                           └─┴┬───┘
      _│_                                    _│_
      ///                                    ///

Here the cable is not in audio pairs, the return path is via earth. The probe
is just an unscreened wire/rod connected to a short screened lead to the Amp.
The Amp is very high gain (10,000x e.g. a 741) & tailored for 1kHz.

The osc can be a steady tone or a pulsed tone, 3V AC is a good level to use.

When you hear the loudest tone in the detecting headphone from the cable, earth
that lead, & if the tone then goes, the send headphone gets louder, if not it
is just a loud crosstalk keep searching.

BALANCED TESTING
                      Large Cable
       Selected wire ­­­­­­­­­­­­­ Probe    Amp
               o───==­­­­­­­­­­­­­└=========┤>────o Detecting
Series Headphone) │  ­­­­­­­­­­­­­  Screen │ │     )Headphone 
               o  │                 lead   └─┴────o
 1kHz osc ─────┘  │
 floating ────────┘

Here the cable is in audio pairs. When you hear the loudest tone in the
detecting headphone from the cable, short that pair of wires together, & if
the tone then goes, the send headphone gets louder, if not it is just a loud
crosstalk pair (fault?) keep searching.



Why don't you write an interesting bul?

73 De John, G8MNY @ GB7CIP


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